The Year of the Crucifixion
The Biblical Calendar System we outlined above was used to determine the date of Passover (also called the Day of Preparation) for a series of years during which the crucifixion of Christ may have taken place. The dates in keeping with the â€˜modernâ€™ Rabbinical calculation system are also included for comparative purposes.
Table 3 contains the following summary below. Note that the rabbinical calculation is only correct for the 31 CE (Common Era) and 32 CE Passovers:
(Common Era) Biblical Calculation Rabbinical Calculation
28 Wednesday, 28th April Monday, 26th April
29 Monday, 18th April
(Possibly Sunday) Sabbath (Saturday), 16th April
30 Friday, 7th April
(Possibly Thursday) Wednesday, 5th April
31 Wednesday, 25th April Wednesday, 25th April
32 Monday, 14th April
(Possibly Sunday) Monday, 14th April
33 Sabbath (Saturday), 1st May Friday, 3rd April
34 Thursday, 22nd April Wednesday, 21st April
Dates of the Passover near the time of Jesus Christ’s Crucifixion
Tiberius Caesarâ€™s Fifteenth Year
It has been said, that by two witnesses a thing shall stand or fall. This principle is confirmed in the following verses: Deuteronomy 17:6, 19:15, Matthew 18:16, 26:60, II Corinthians 13:1, I Timothy 5:19, and Hebrews 10:28.
It is also written:
2 It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, But the glory of kings is to search out a matter. (Proverbs 25:2)
In one of Paulâ€™s Epistles, we read:
3 â€œDo you not know that we shall judge the angels? How much more so, the things that pertain to this life?â€ (I Corinthians 6:3)
As Kings who are to judge angels, should we not also be searching out the truth on all things? Deciding how to interpret the times and seasons (orâ€¦ the â€˜signs of the timesâ€™) is something a king would be adept at. If we, as a Royal Priesthood (orâ€¦ children of the King) are found lacking in this respect, should we not seek out the Creator to find out how we are to go about determining â€˜what isâ€™ and what will be? Should we not â€œPROVE ALL THINGS, (and) hold fast to that which is true?â€ (I Thessalonians 5:21)
Amongst those of us who keep the Sabbath and the Holy Days, who are in training to be Kings and Priests in the soon to be upon us Kingdom of Yahweh, some keep the Conjunctured New Moon, some keep the Sighted New Moon, and some keep a Full Moon to start the month.
Some people do not know how to determine the beginning of the New Year and therefore would not know how to determine the Holy Days commanded for us to keep. Far too many rely upon a man or organization to tell them what special days to observe and/or celebrate each and every year. They cannot or have not bothered to learn how to determine the Holy Days for themselves. These are they who assume they will be the Kings in the world still yet to come. I find the thought of everyone being left to â€˜go their own wayâ€™ in this regard to be a very disconcerting one at that.
I cannot help but be deeply grieved by the fact there are Sabbath-keeping groups, which keep the Feasts on as many as four different times in the same year. There are those who use the Barley to start the year, and those who donâ€™t. There are those who use the Hebrew Calendar, those who use the Sighted or Conjunctured New Moon, and those who use the Full Moon. Yet, all claim to be keeping â€˜the Truth.â€™
â€œIt is the glory of God to conceal a matter.â€ Why does He do this? The answer is in the rest of the Proverb, â€œthe glory of kings is to search out a matter.â€ I believe He is looking for those of us who want to be Kings or who will search out His truth.
Yahshua Himself once said:
7 Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened. 9 Or what man is there among you who, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will he give him a serpent? 11 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask Him! (Matthew 7:7-11)
You start by asking our Father to reveal His truth to you. Then you start to seek out His truth regarding the matter. You continue, over time, knocking on doors until you find His truth.
In the Wisdom Book of Proverbs we read:
1 â€œMy son, if you receive my words, And treasure my commands within you, 2 So that you incline your ear to wisdom, And apply your heart to understanding; 3 Yes, if you cry out for discernment, And lift up your voice for understanding, 4 If you seek her as silver, And search for her as for hidden treasures; 5 Then you will understand the fear of the Lord, And find the knowledge of God. 6 For the Lord gives wisdom; From His mouth come knowledge and understanding; 7 He stores up sound wisdom for the upright; He is a shield to those who walk uprightly; 8 He guards the paths of justice, And preserves the way of His saints. 9 Then you will understand righteousness and justice, Equity and every good path. 10 When wisdom enters your heart, And knowledge is pleasant to your soul, 11 Discretion will preserve you; Understanding will keep youâ€¦â€ (Proverbs 2:1-11)
You need to get down on your knees and begin earnestly searching out the truth in regards to the Calendar of Yahweh, asking Him to open your mind to His truth and reveal it to you. You will not be convinced by my words, nor should you be. But ask Him to reveal the truth to your mind, to give you understanding and impart to you the knowledge and wisdom to discern what is right and what is wrong.
In regards to this subject, a couple of friends of mine offered up their reasons why they keep the Conjunctured Moon. In their reasoning, they presented one very good explanation, which I am going to quote:
â€œThe year AD 30 can very easily be proven to be the year of Yahshuaâ€™s Impalement. One look at this year shows that the conjunction (The Moment the Moon and the earth and the sun are incomplete alignment) occurred on March 22nd, making March 23rd, equal to Abib 1; and April 5th, the 14th of Abib or the Day of Impalement. This is the ONLY year, give or take five years, in which you can arrive at the 14th of Abib on a Wednesday. Most of us believe Yahshua died on a Wednesday in midweek.
Looking at the calendar, it is easy to see that the new month started with the conjunction and not the visible crescent. There is proof from Jewish sources that Abib 15, the Feast of Unleavened Bread, was on Thursday, April 6th, AD 30. Calendars are available for these years showing the various moon phases.
These proofs can be found at: www.dayandtime.com and the U.S. Navy Observatory website.â€
These sites are two of the best reasons I have found for keeping the Conjunctured New Moon. They are correct as to the day of His death being on Wednesday, the 14th of Abibâ€”Thursday being the first High Holy Day of Unleavened Bread, followed by Friday, the Preparation Day, followed by the Sabbath. All of which constitutes three days and three nights.
When I went to these two websites, they indeed showed the Conjunctured New Moon on March 22nd. See below. â€˜Exhibit Aâ€™ But notice something. The Conjunctured Moon was between 19:18 and 21:11 PM. My friends were correct when they said the 1st day of Abib, or Nisan was the next day of March 23rd, which would have started at sunset on the 23rd, making the evening and next day the first of Nisan. It just so happens that this evening was also a Sighted New Moon of 1%. It was visible for 42 minutes after sunset, at 6:05 PM.
So, 14 days later, we both are at Nisan 14 or April 5th, a Wednesday. This line of reasoning does not prove one way or the other which Moon you should use. But when Mr. Martinâ€™s method is used, a definite method for determining the new moon day is established.
But I have just told you a major lie and I am wondering if you got it. Think about what we just said. Both my friends and I said something in honesty, but in fact we both spoke in error and made a careless assumption. Reread this section once more before going on; starting above at Yahshuaâ€™s Death.
I was bothered by the comments of my friends. Something was amiss and it took me nearly a week to figure it out. No, they did not offend me. They inspired me. As a matter of fact, I am most grateful to them for spurring me to search out this truth and dig more deeply. I was even compelled to rewrite this paper after having made this important discovery.
Soâ€¦ did you see what was wrong above?
It is time to put on your thinking cap and follow closely. My friend said, â€œA look at this year shows that the conjunction occurred on March 22nd, making March 23rd equal to Abib 1, and April 5th, the 14th of Abib or the Day of Impalement.â€
I then confirmed this with where I wrote, â€œAnd when I went to the website, it does indeed show the Conjunctured New Moon to be on March 22nd.â€
My friends said this made March 23rd the 1st of Abib and I said, â€œI also ran this on my software and learned the Conjunctured Moon was between 19:18 and 21:11 PM. My friends were correct when they said the 1st day of Abib, or Nisan was the next day of March 23rd.â€
And we both concluded, â€œSo, 14 days later we both are at Nisan 14 or April 5th, a Wednesday.â€
And this, my friend is where we both went wrong. We both had forgotten some basic rules and took for granted that the other rules were right. Let me explain. The Conjunctured Moon on March 22nd, 30 AD is just becoming occult at 9:32 PM. This is the exact moment where it is neither growing older nor starting anew. It is perfectly aligned with the Sun, Moon and Earth. At 10:28 PM it is just beginning its new phase.
Now notice, sunset on March 22nd, 30 AD was at 6:05 PM. So the conjunction does not take place for another 3 hours and 27 minutes. My friends are correct in saying that the first day would now be the next day (the 23rd) because the Moon had not yet begun its new phase before sunset.
In saying this, they have admitted the new day begins at sunset. And they are correct in this.
We can refer to Genesis for further proof where it is written:
5 So the evening and the morning were the first dayâ€¦ 8 So the evening and the morning were the second dayâ€¦ 13 So the evening and the morning were the third dayâ€¦ 19 So the evening and the morning were the fourth dayâ€¦ 23 So the evening and the morning were the fifth dayâ€¦ 31 So the evening and the morning were the sixth day. (Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23 & 31)
We can also look at Leviticus where it says:
32 It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your Sabbath. (Leviticus 23:32)
The day then begins at evening and this is where my friends and I both were in error. By moving the first day to the 23rd is correct, but it begins at sunset, which was at 6:05 PM on March 23rd, AD 30. The â€˜moonsetâ€™ was at 6:47 PM and exhibited a 1% degree of illumination. This would be very difficult to see, but not impossible. Then, 14 days later brings us to Nisan 14 or April 5th. BUT, we have to start the 14th day at sunset. So the 14th day begins on April 5th at sunset and ends with the sacrifice during the day portion of April 6th. A THURSDAY!!!
Youâ€™ll definitely want to reread this section again.
Our Messiah was killed on the 14th of Abib (or Nisan) on a Wednesday, before sunset. Therefore, the date of March 22nd, AD 30, a lunar conjunction by its own rules, cannot be the method by which to determine the year of our Messiahâ€™s death. And there are no other years we can use, because as my friends say, â€œThis is the ONLY year, give or take five years, which you can arrive at the 14th of Abib on a Wednesday.â€ Needless to say, now we are in a bit of a fix.
I have just explained how this one and only year is wrong, based on its own rules and how there are no others, plus or minus five years, which would fit the Wednesday death time period.
Exhibit â€œBâ€ is an earlier chapter in this book entitled, The Hidden Meaning of Pentecost, where I spoke of the importance of the Wave Offering. I show how the Wave Offering is Yahshua, and it was waved on the first day of the week, or the same time Yahshua arose into heaven. The fact that it was waved on Sunday, and the Messiah was killed on Wednesdayâ€”followed by the first day of the Week of Unleavened Bread, which was Thursdayâ€”the day before the Preparation Day on Friday, and last, but never leastâ€”the Sabbath Saturday, will prove whether or not the count to Pentecost begins after the first Holy Day or after the weekly Sabbath. If nothing else, it definitely disproves the Jewish Siwan 6 Pentecost.
This chapter illustrates that the year had to begin when the Barley was going to be ripe enough for the Wave Offering, 14 days later. If there was no Barley, then there would be no Wave Offering, so the month of Adar Bet was added. Consequently, a 13th month was added so we would have Barley for the Wave Offering, which represented Messiah being accepted by Yahweh.
By using the Barley to determine when the year begins, we then have no records that I am aware of, to go back in time and say that this year or that one began on any specific day. That being said, how do we proceed?
I used the computer program, Starry Night and Dance of the Stars, to recreate the Conjunctured New Moons of each year in question. I also used the calendars at the U.S. Navy Observatory website.
Knowing that spring begins on March 22nd every year, I looked for the years in which a conjunction took place no more than 14 days before this date. Fully knowing that in any year the Barley may not be ready, I added another month to see what would happen.
But either the Conjunctured or the Sighted Moon has to occur in such a way as to allow the 14th day to be the Tuesday evening and the day that is Wednesday to indicate the proper day of Messiahâ€™s death.
1. In the year AD 27, a conjuncture occurs on Wednesday, March 26th at 9:32 PM. Another conjuncture occurs on April 25th, a Friday. Neither one works for either argument.
2. A) In the year AD 28, a conjuncture occurs on Monday, March 15th at 2:20 AM,
B) and another on April 13th at 6:20 PM.
Both of these days are of significance, for the following reasons:
On the March 15th day, the conjuncture takes place at 2:20 AM. Therefore, the following evening at sunset would be day one, or, to be more specificâ€”Tuesday evening at 6:01 PM. In addition, this very same evening, the Moon is also visible until it sets at 7:24 PM and becomes 2% visible, which can be more easily or readily seen with the naked eye. As a result, both ways of computing the beginning of the month actually work in this caseâ€”especially given the fact that 14 days later, Tuesday evening transpires followed by the crucifixion on Wednesday, March 31st, AD 28. Therefore, this date does work.
The April 13th conjuncture takes place at 6:20 PM, but sunset is at 6:21 PM on a Tuesday. That being a given, the next day would be the first day starting at sunset, which is on a Wednesday evening. This would also be the Sighted Moon Day but when we count 14 days later, we arrive at Wednesday evening and are one day late. All things considered, this date does not work.
3. In the year AD 29, conjuncture occurs on Friday, March 4th and Saturday, April 2nd. Neither date works in this case either.
4. In the year AD 30, I have already explained March 22nd. In April the conjunction falls on Friday the 21st, and in like manner, does not meet the criteria.
5. A) In the year AD 31, the conjuncture occurs at 12:46 AM Monday, March 12th. Consequently, the evening of March 12th would be the first day, which works out to be one day too early.
B) But using the Sighted Method, the Moon remains invisible until March 13th, Tuesday evening, becoming 3% visible for approximately one hour and two minutes. This method works out to be 14 days later on a Tuesday evening, on March 27th and a Wednesday, on March 28th.
6. April 10th, AD 31 features a Conjunctured Moon at 3:23 PM. In theory, we could start the first day at the onset of evening and be altogether accurate in regards to timeline, which would bring us to Wednesday the 14th. However, with the Sighted Moon not occurring until Wednesday evening, we would be out by one day.
7. In the year AD 32, conjuncture takes place on March 29th, a Saturday at 23:04 PM, and Monday, April 28th. However, April 28th does not work for the Conjunctured Moon but for the Sighted Moon it is on Tuesday, April 29th at a degree of 2% illumination. But even with that being the case, it would be May 13th-14th for the Passover, which is too far removed.
In summary, those in favor of the Conjunctured New Moon, ascribe to a 2a and 5b construct. 2a is March 31st, AD 28 Passover. 5b is an added month, due to the Barley and is Wednesday, April 25th, AD 31 as the time period in which we celebrate Passover.
For those in favor of the Sighted New Moon, we have another construct involving 2b which is the same as the 2a March 31st, AD 28 Passover date. And 5a has March 28th, AD 31 as the time period in which we celebrate Passover.
I have, in this exhibit, shown four possible dates for the crucifixion using the Conjunctured Moon premise and the Sighted Moon premise, or two for each side. I have also shown how AD 30 cannot be a possibility. In so doing, I have eliminated the Hebrew Calendar Method in calculating dates. Or, I have at least caused it to be a matter of concern.
The rules below (including the chart that follows the fourth rule), I gleaned from the following site:
Dehioth: The Rules of Postponements
Let us begin with some background on the Postponements and why some of the Jewish leaders felt it was necessary to postpone Godâ€™s Holy Days. The Holy Day arrangement for the year is determined by rules that are designed to prevent Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) from occurring either before or after the Sabbath. They changed Godâ€™s Holy Days to suit their own needs, for the existent society during that time in history.
There are seven rules to the Postponements but we are only going to explain the first four. The other three have to do with the benedictions. If you would like further information on the benedictions, you can find it in your local library.
THE FIRST RULE:
This rule explains that Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets), the first day of the Jewish New Year, may not occur on Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday. If Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets) were on Sunday, Hoshaâ€™na Rabbah (the 7th Day of the Feast of Tabernacles) would be on Saturday, and this must be avoided because it would prevent the proper celebration of the Festival of Willows. If Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets) were on Wednesday, Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) would be on a Friday and this would cause undue hardship because there would be two days in a row with severe restrictions. If Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets) were on a Friday, Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) would be on a Sunday and, again, we would have two days in a row with severe restrictions. Therefore, if the new moon (molad) is on either Sunday, Wednesday or Friday; the first day of Tishri (the 7th month) is postponed to the following day.
THE SECOND RULE:
If the new moon (molad) of Tishri (the 7th month) occurs at noon or later, then Rosh Hodesh (the new moon) is declared to be the following day. Thus, if the new moon (molad) is Monday at noon or later, Tuesday is declared to be Rosh Hodesh (the new moon). The reason is that if the new moon (molad) is before noon, it is certain that the new crescent will be visible in some part of the world before sunset of the same day. If however, the new moon (molad) occurs after midday, the new crescent will not be visible before sunset of the same day. If the following day is Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday, on which the first day of Tishri may not occur, it is further postponed to the following day, so that the first of Tishri is the third day counting from, and including, the day of the new moon (molad).
THE THIRD RULE:
If the new moon (molad) of Tishri in an ordinary year falls on Tuesday at 3:204/1080 AM. or later, the first of Tishri is postponed to Thursday. It cannot be on Tuesday because then the next yearâ€™s new moon (molad) of Tishri would be on Saturday afternoon and the Rosh Hodesh (the new moon) would have to be postponed to Sunday. This would make the year in question 356 days long, which exceeds the statutory limit of 355 days.
THE FOURTH RULE:
This occurs if the new moon (molad) of Tishri, in a year succeeding a leap year, is on a Monday after 9:00 AM (i.e., the fifteenth hour from the beginning of the night before) and 589/1080 parts). If this year were to begin on Monday, Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets) of the preceding year would have fallen on Tuesday at noon, and would have been postponed to Wednesday. This would make the current year 382 days in length, which is lower than the statutory limit of 383 days.
DAYS OF THE WEEK ON WHICH HOLY DAYS CANNOT OCCUR
Days of the Week SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT
The Holy Day arrangement for the year is determined by rules that aim to prevent Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) from occurring either before or after the Sabbath. Footnote: (Derived from, the Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar by Arthur Spier, pp. 10 & 15, 1986 edition).
Not any of the Above Rules Can be Found in Scripture; Either in Word or Principle! Are You Going To Follow Manâ€™s Rules or Godâ€™s Rules? The Choice Is Yours!
Notice that postponement rule #2 is concerned with the Crescent Moon being visible around the world before it is seen in Israel. Why is the Crescent New Moon of concern if they are observing a Conjunctured New Moon?
In chapter 10 entitled, Biblical Proof of the Year the Messiah was Born, I demonstrate, with a great deal of help from Ernest L. Martin, when the Messiah was born. He was born on the Feast of Trumpets in 3 BC. This can only be proven by using the Sighted New Moon method. You will have to read this chapter for this proof.
To determine which dates are more acceptable from Exhibit â€œC,â€ we need to determine the age of the Messiah at His death. He was born during the Feast of Trumpets on September 11th in 3 BC.
We read in the Gospel of Luke:
23 Now, Yahshua (Jesus) began His ministry at about thirty years of age. (Luke 3:23)
In the Gospel of John we find:
13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. (John 2:13)
1 After this, there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. (John 5:1)
4 Now the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near. (John 6:4)
Now the Jewsâ€™ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand.
55 And the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went from the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves. (John 11:55)
1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethanyâ€¦ (John 12:1)
Yahshua was baptized in His 30th year or, 3 BC + 30 years = AD 28.
The next feast we read about after He was baptized was Passover. (John 2)
Following Passover, the Feast of Tabernacles in the year AD 29 (John 5)
Once more, Passover again (John 6)
Followed by another Feast of Tabernacles in the year AD 30 (John 7)
Finally, His last Passover or His last Feast in the year AD 31 (John 11-12)
We have now eliminated two dates from Exhibit â€œCâ€ and are left with March 28th, AD 31 as Passover, using the Sighted New Moon Method and Wednesday, April 25th, AD 31 as Passover by adding one month in case the Barley was not Aviv by March 14th or Nisan 1, using the Conjunctured New Moon Method.
Although I have just shown you the logical method of arriving at 31 AD as the year of the Crucifixion, Michael Rood in his Jonah Code series does an excellent job of showing us that the year the Messiah died was 28 AD. If he is correct in this proof then it too also fits with the sighted moon method we have shown above.
Time to Judge the Whole Matter
It is now time for you to judge which is the correct way to calculate the Calendar of Yahweh. This is not an easy matter. It requires you to pray and fast upon, as well as meditate and contemplate all these arguments.
Let me sum up the evidence:
1. In Exhibit â€œDâ€ you are shown how absurd the method used to calculate the current Hebrew Calendar is, which is used by most Sabbath-keeping groups and Jews today. You are also shown how this method is used to change the day of the Fall Feast Days. Yet, there are no scriptures that allow for this!
2. We have shown in Exhibit â€œAâ€ how the year AD 30 is wrong based on the Hebrew Calendar Method in which it was calculated. By using actual computer models, we can ascertain which days witnessed Conjunctured New Moons and which days witnessed visible Sighted New Moons. This finding is backed up by the conclusions of Exhibit â€œFâ€ which show that the crucifixion was in AD 31 or 28 AD.
3. We have shown in Exhibit â€œEâ€ that the Messiah was born in 3 BC and in combination with the evidence used in Exhibit â€œFâ€ we can again prove the date of His crucifixion as AD 31 or 28 AD using Michael Roods information.
4. Exhibit â€œEâ€ provides overwhelming evidence as to which method should be used in determining a new moon. There is a two day variance between the Conjunctured New Moon and the Sighted New Moon. And this two day difference is referenced by the Apostle John in Revelation and by the Prophet Isaiahâ€”two witnesses who are highly regarded in the Bible and provide very strong evidence not brought forward in any other debate over the new moon controversy.
5. We have shown in Exhibit â€œBâ€ how the year is determined and when an extra month is to be added. We have shown that to go back in time, without knowing whether or not this added month was used, can be confusing.
6. We have also shown why Siwan 6 is a non-issue, and that the 1st day in the count of Pentecost always starts on a Sunday. This is only provable; however, if you believe the Messiah died on Wednesday and rose from the grave Saturday afternoon. 3 days and 3 nights.
7. We have demonstrated in Exhibit â€œCâ€ which years were possible years of the Passover based on the Sighted New Moon and the Conjunctured New Moon and have also taken into account a possible extra month due to the Barley not being Aviv. By using the information given in Exhibit â€œFâ€ we deduced the date of the Passover when Yahshua died, to either March 28th, AD 31 using a new Sighted New Moon or April 25th, AD 31 using a Conjunctured New Moon. And or March 31st, AD 28 Using Michael Roods information and the sighted moon.
The issue here is not when Yahshua died. The issue here is how to determine the beginning of the month. It is my opinion that the evidence is overwhelmingly in favor of one method. Here is where you have to judge for yourselves. Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. I do not want you to believe me because I said so. As future Kings and Priests, we must know why one is right and the other is wrong.
It is my desire to see all the assemblies, congregations, synagogues, and churches of God keep the Feast Days in the spring and in the fall at the same appointed times as commanded by Yahweh. For that purpose, I hope you will forward this to every Sabbath keeper around the world so many can bring it to the attention of those in positions of spiritual leadership, and make the changes necessary, to all be of one mind.
The Road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-35)
Some people suggest that the disciplesâ€™ comment on the road to Emmaus that â€œtoday is the third day since all these things happenedâ€ (Luke 24:21), does not fit with a Wednesday crucifixion as late Sunday afternoon would be the fourth day since the crucifixion. This is true. However, the disciples did not say that â€œtoday is the third day since the crucifixion,â€ but rather â€œsince all these things.â€ The last things that happened concerning the crucifixion actually occurred on the following day when the chief priests went to Pilate and asked for the tomb to be sealed and guards to be placed outside the tomb. Pilate complied with their requests. These things occurred on Thursday of which three days later was Sunday, thus fitting in nicely with the disciplesâ€™ statement.
And how does their comment fit so well with a Friday crucifixion? Sunday is only two days since the crucifixionâ€”so there is no fit possible. This â€˜difficult passageâ€™ actually supports a Wednesday crucifixion and denies a Friday crucifixion.
Three Days and Three Nightsâ€”Can This Mean Parts of Three Days?
Again, we have heard people claim that Scripture illustrates how part of a day can be counted as a full day. Thus, parts of three days could be counted as if they were three full days. They reason, using biblical days which go from dusk to dusk, that as Yahshua died on Friday afternoon, Friday is the first day, Saturday is the second day and Saturday night is the third day.
If Yahshua had only said He would rise the third day and there was clear biblical evidence that such a part-day = full-day counting method was valid, then perhaps this scheme might work. However, Yahshua also said He would be â€œin the heart of the Earth for three days and three nights.â€ If we apply the part-day = full-day counting method to this statement and also start counting from the time of death, rather than the time of internment to help this system work, we find:
Day1 Night 1 Day 2 Night 2 Day 3 Night 3
Friday after-noon Friday night Saturday daytime Most of Saturday night No third day: Already risen
John 20:1-2 No third night
Sign of Jonah versus Friday Crucifixion
As can be seen, this system cannot be made to work. Nonetheless, for the sake of thoroughness, we will also look at the scriptures which Friday crucifixionists claim to prove their part-day = full-day counting method:
The claim is made that the account of Jonah does not require three full days and three full nights. Is this so?
Here is what it says in the Book of Jonah:
17 Now Yahweh had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. (Jonah 1:17)
This is just what Yahshua said. Although the account does not say Jonah spent precisely 72 hours in the belly of the fish, there is nothing anywhere in the Book of Jonah to suggest the period of time Jonah spent in the belly of the fish was not approximately 72 hours, just as Yahshua was in the heart of the Earth for the same period of time. As shown in the table above, even using part-days/part-nights (which is not even suggested by the above quote), would require two full days and two full nights as well a part-day and a part-night. The Friday crucifixion only has one full day (Saturday) and one full night (Friday night). Saturday night is not completed due to the fact Yahshua rose before dawn. Jonah does not support a Friday crucifixion. Only the Wednesday crucifixion is consistent with all of these Scriptures.