How Satan Has Changed Times and Laws, Financial Crisis gets bigger, Famine & Pestilence Looming

Joseph F. Dumond

Joe Started Sightedmoon in 2005 to assist him in spreading his understanding of the Sabbatical and Jubilee Years according to Torah.
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Published: Sep 19, 2008 - (5856)
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News Letter 5844-027
19th day of the sixth month 5844 years after creation
September 20, 2008
Shabbat Shalom Brethren,

This Friday our web site crashed. We have had so much traffic and so many signed up to the News Letter. Please excuse us as we deal with the problems that this might cause in the future.

I am also trying to load an article in to the forum area for the financial crisis at hand, but again we are having problems. Please check the forum area to see this article in full. For now here is the introduction. We are going to be in prolonged recession if not a depression. Senator Doods said we were just days away from a market melt down.

With all that is happening, the complexities of the financial markets and the world markets, and the enormity of the situation and amount of money being spent to stabilize world economies, we can not forget the situation in Galveston and Texas. Ask yourself why so many things at the same time seem to be affecting the USA, then read Lev 26.

Although it seems like we are talking about money we are in fact talking about famine and pestilence. Please keep reading.

Washington declares war on debt crisis!
Urgent Q & A
by Martin D. Weiss, Ph.D.

In the last few hours, in a desperate attempt to ward off a catastrophic Wall Street meltdown, the government has announced three unprecedented actions:

First, President Bush, Fed Chairman Bernanke and Treasury Secretary Paulson have called on leaders of both parties in Congress to work through the weekend to develop a plan to let the government buy up bad debts from banks.

Such a plan may buy some large banks some time. But like the bailouts of Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae and AIG, it does very little to change the reality on the ground.

Millions of Americans can still not pay their mortgages. The value of millions of homes is still falling. The nation’s $47 trillion debt market is still in deep trouble, and so are the countless companies, consumers and governments that depend on it.

Second, The Securities and Exchange Commission has announced a temporary ban on short selling of 799 financial stocks — an attempt to reduce the massive downward pressure on their share values.

But short selling is a major vehicle that’s widely used by prudent investors to reduce their risk and hedge their investments against the very dangers that we see all around us today.
By making it more difficult for investors to hedge in those stocks, the authorities are merely compounding the problem: If investors cannot sell short financial stocks, they will sell short something else as a proxy for financial stocks, including companies in other sectors that remain vulnerable to a credit crisis and a recession.

Alternatively, if investors feel those proxy hedges are not adequate, they will simply resort to outright liquidation of their securities, making the next stock market decline that much worse. Clearly, the SEC cannot repeal the law of gravity. And no matter what they do, the government cannot stop investors from selling.

Third, early this morning, Washington moved to guarantee money market funds that invest in high risk instruments like commercial paper. This supposedly protects money fund investors from the kind of “Breaking the Buck” crisis that arose this week at Reserve Primary Fund, buying some time for a $2 trillion industry in turmoil. But alas, this, too, is a disastrous and futile gesture.

The reason: To fund the Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, AIG and new banking bailouts, it’s estimated that the U.S. Treasury will need to borrow at least $1 trillion in new money from investors in the United States and abroad.

But by guaranteeing money funds that invest in high-risk, higher-yielding instruments, the authorities are actually encouraging investors not to invest in the lower-yielding U.S. Treasuries.

Result: With this step, the U.S. government is shooting its funding operation in the foot. It’s merely making it that much more difficult for the U.S. Treasury itself to raise the money it will need for each and every one of its bailout efforts.

And sure enough …
This morning, U.S. bond prices are collapsing, as the interest rate the U.S. Treasury has to pay on its 10-year bonds has surged by an unprecedented 39 basis points (.39 percentage points).
Bottom line: These three government bombshells do not end the credit crisis. They merely threaten to spread the plague to the one borrower who heretofore stood above the crowd of sinking debtors: The United States Government itself.

Last week when I told you to tune in to KMLS FM 101.9 Messianic Radio, I forgot to give you the URL, so here it is,

On another note I have received word that Kenya is entering a time of drought. Please go to to read a US Gov report on the situation as of June. I have information from people there who are saying the same thing. Please pray fro our brethren there.

One of the most amazing things that I have seen happening is the growth of this web site . In 2004 I began to understand the message of the Jubilee and to talk in public about it in August of 2005. In June of 2006 I was sitting in a pew listening to others teach me. When I began to question them they told me to leave. Since then, July of 2006, this web site has now grown to a point where we have had over 200,000 hits in the past two years. We had over 23,000 in August alone. The site has now out grown the capabilities of the host site.

We also have a weekly News Letter that continues to grow and is now up over 8400 subscribers. Not to mention that I am able to write this News Letter each week even though I have a full time job in construction.

Now we are being aired on The Kosher radio station, KMLS FM 101.9 which goes out around the world to both Orthodox and Messianic followers.

Ray Maccabbe who owns and hosts this radio station has played the entire DVD at least three times during August, as far as I know, which has contributed to the high hit count. I hope he does this every week from now until the Messiah returns in 2033, every week and in every time slot, just to get the message out.

Ray has been very encouraging to me to get my message on the radio so he could air it. I have never had some one so encouraging and accommodating with my inabilities as Ray has. But the most amazing thing about all this, about all that has happened is the fact that it has all taken place with little or no money.

The web site cost about $1000 year to maintain, Ray has taken on the radio prod cast for free. He does not sell anything on the radio, and lets Yahweh support him. My site does not sell anything either. We give away what was freely given to us, as it should be. I do not accept tithes. It is a sin if I do. I have been given a total of just over $400 from those who wanted to give a gift.

Brethren I am not soliciting money from you, but if you want to give a gift, please send it to KMLS-FM 101.9 American Jewish Messianic Radio, 1720 w Texas St., Carlsbad N.M. 88220 and please note that not only does Ray run this radio station, but he also supports a homeless shelter called The Refuge, and has helped over 600 people in the last 5 yrs since 2003 and the numbers continue to grow. We Thank Yahweh for the Provisions and Blessings. Remember this is a third year tithe to the poor, and the needy. Here is place you can give some to the needy.

Even if you do not send any money I do hope you will write or email KMLS and tell them how much you enjoy the messages from Let him know. It just takes a few minutes to type up an encouragement to send to him. Please do so, and encourage him to play the DVD and those messages from this web site more often.

That is my shameless promotion, and I will do it again in the future and as often as it takes to get this Jubilee message in front of every person who says they follow and obey Yahweh. You can help by writing other Radio stations and telling your brethren and families. Those of you who have been reading this letter for a while know why I do this.

The third curse of Pestilence is at the door, and is aimed at our children unless we repent and begin to OBEY Yahweh. It is that simple.

In the DVD I tell you an order of the prophetic messages contained in Lev 26. I explain the curse of Terror and then Drought, and then offer you an explanation of how the third curse of Pestilence could start in this great Country.

It starts with people living in the streets with mice and rats under bridges. They are there because they were put out of their homes due to the Mortgage meltdown. Others loose everything due to the bankruptcies that are on the daily news. It has been the financial collapse of the markets this past week, that has many looking at those things that I have said to you all on the DVD.

In the News Letters News Letter 5844-007 2823 The Second Curse, Drought & Famine Prophecy as it happens, which can be linked at and in News Letter 5844-008 3179 The Third Curse, Pestilence, which can be linked at I show you over and over again that Yahweh sends Famine Pestilence and the sword together to correct Israel. He does this over and over and over again. Famine Pestilence and the sword. Famine Pestilence and the sword, Famine Pestilence and the sword.

Right now Yahweh is taking away our ability to purchase food. He is taking away our purchasing power by devaluing the dollar. As the USA bails out more and more large financial institutions in order to keep the economy afloat, the USA ends up holding assets worth nothing and having to pay big money for them, which she does by printing more money. The more money the USA prints the higher inflation goes. As inflation goes higher then you have to raise interest rates to try and control it. But it will be too late.

The USA dollar will soon be like the German Mark of the 30’s and wheel barrows of cash will be needed to buy a loaf of bread. Yes this is my opinion based on those things I have learned.
But Famine and Pestilence are scheduled to come next and they will begin to manifest themselves after 2010. Watch the DVD and pay attention to the chart of the Bank loans and then compare it to the article News Letter 5844-019 7120 Mortgage Crisis, No Man can Know the Day or the Hour, Why? And to the other article News Letter 5844-020 7217 List of Banks on the going bust list

I continue to receive e-mails and phone calls from people who when they talk to me, they are all sanctimonious and holier than thou types. They are Messianic and know just enough Hebrew to be dangerous to themselves and others.

The Sabbatical years is only when we are in the land and not when we are in the Diaspora, they say. In Lev 25:2 the word Land is Eretz in Hebrew and from Strongs #776 we have the following meanings.
1. land, earth
a. earth
1. whole earth (as opposed to a part)
2. earth (as opposed to heaven)
3. earth (inhabitants)
b. land
1. country, territory
2. district, region
3. tribal territory
4. piece of ground
5. land of Canaan, Israel
6. inhabitants of land
7. Sheol, land without return, (under) world
8. city (-state)
c. ground, surface of the earth
1. ground
2. soil
d. (in phrases)
1. people of the land
2. space or distance of country (in measurements of distance)
3. level or plain country
4. land of the living
5. end(s) of the earth
e. (almost wholly late in usage)
1. lands, countries 1e
f. often in contrast to Canaan

It is used as land 1543 times and as earth 712 times. We also know that Levy was to teach Israel the Law and Israel was to teach the whole world. They did not. So this law of the Sabbatical year of rest was also for the whole world to keep and not just those few who would live in the land of Palestine. Please review the article News Letter 5844-021 7219 Various Escape Clauses people use in order not to Obey the Sabbath, The Holy Days and the Sabbatical years at

Those of you who continue to stick you wooden head in the sand because you wooden listen are the typical stiff necked rebellious people Yahweh so often talks about through out the scriptures.

As we begin this study read what Yahweh says to those who do not and will not keep all of these Commandments and will not perform them. Those who have written me, those who claim to be messianic and will not keep the Sabbatical year this coming year are going to be playing Russian roulette with the very lives of their own children and grandchildren.

Read Hosea 4: 6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being priest for Me; Because you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.

Now read Lev 26 and think long and hard about the curse of Pestilence and to whom it is directed. Then tonight when you kiss your children good night or the next time you kiss your grand children, just imagine your self kissing them good bye for the last time, as they zip up the body bag with your child in it.

Lev 26: 22 I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children,
This word rob is used in just this one place. Look it up in your own concordance.

In Lev 26 we are told over and over again, 14 ‘But if you do not obey Me, and do not observe all these commandments, 15 and if you despise My statutes, or if your soul abhors My judgments, so that you do not perform all My commandments, but break My covenant, 16 I also will do this to you:
This is he First Curse

18 ‘And after all this, if you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.
This is The Second Curse

21 ‘Then, if you walk contrary to Me, and are not willing to obey Me, I will bring on you seven times more plagues, according to your sins.
This is The Third Curse

23 ‘And if by these things you are not reformed by Me, but walk contrary to Me, 24 then I also will walk contrary to you, and I will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
This is The Fourth Curse

27 ‘And after all this, if you do not obey Me, but walk contrary to Me, 28 then I also will walk contrary to you in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
This is The Fifth and Final Curse

34 Then the land shall enjoy its sabbaths as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemies’ land; then the land shall rest and enjoy its sabbaths. 35 As long as it lies desolate it shall rest– for the time it did not rest on your sabbaths when you dwelt in it.
Verse 34 is telling us that these curses come on us because we do not and have not kept the Sabbatical Land rest years or the Jubilee Years.

James 4: 5 Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, “The Spirit who dwells in us yearns jealously”? 6 But He gives more grace. Therefore He says: “God resists the proud, But gives grace to the humble.” 7 Therefore submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. 8 Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded. 9 Lament and mourn and weep! Let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to gloom. 10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and He will lift you up.

Over and over in the scriptures we are told to humble our hearts and return to Yahweh and that He will humble us to test us.

De 8:2 And you shall remember that the Lord your God led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you and test you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not.

De 8:16 who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end—

Do your self a word study on the word humble. It is used 34 times and learn what Yahweh is expecting from you

2 Chronicles 7: 13 When I shut up heaven and there is no rain, or command the locusts to devour the land, or send pestilence among My people, 14 if My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.

It was not until Daniel humbled himself and repented were his words heard in heaven.
Da 10:12 Then he said to me, “Do not fear, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand, and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard; and I have come because of your words.

What about you. Are your prayers being blocked by the roof of your own house or are they heard in heaven. Humble your self and know.

In Exodus we read in chapter 32: 35 So the Lord plagued the people because of what they did with the calf which Aaron made.

In many other places we can also read that it is Yahweh who sends plagues or disasters in order to correct us. Yet when most people read the bible they believe they are good people, and there for they should be receiving the blessings as it says in Deuteronomy 28: 1 “Now it shall come to pass, if you diligently obey the voice of the Lord your God, to observe carefully all His commandments which I command you today, that the Lord your God will set you high above all nations of the earth. 2 And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you, because you obey the voice of the Lord your God:

They then try to claim all the promised blessings for themselves and their families. They say to Yahweh but you promised this and because you can’t break your promise I claim this blessing.

These people forget what the rest of Deuteronomy says; 14 So you shall not turn aside from any of the words which I command you this day, to the right or the left, to go after other gods to serve them.
15 “But it shall come to pass, if you do not obey the voice of the Lord your God, to observe carefully all His commandments and His statutes which I command you today, that all these curses will come upon you and overtake you:

About 800 years after this was stated by Moses, the tribe of Judah was sent into captivity. Judah was keeping the Sabbath. Judah was keeping the Holy Days. But she had not kept the Sabbatical years or the Jubilee years amongst other things, as we can read in 2 Chronicles.

2 Chronicles 36:11 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 12 He did evil in the sight of the Lord his God, and did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke from the mouth of the Lord. 13 And he also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear an oath by God; but he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the Lord God of Israel. 14 Moreover all the leaders of the priests and the people transgressed more and more, according to all the abominations of the nations, and defiled the house of the Lord which He had consecrated in Jerusalem. 15 And the Lord God of their fathers sent warnings to them by His messengers, rising up early and sending them, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place. 16 But they mocked the messengers of God, despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the Lord arose against His people, till there was no remedy. 17 Therefore He brought against them the king of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, on the aged or the weak; He gave them all into his hand. 18 And all the articles from the house of God, great and small, the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king and of his leaders, all these he took to Babylon. 19 Then they burned the house of God, broke down the wall of Jerusalem, burned all its palaces with fire, and destroyed all its precious possessions. 20 And those who escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon, where they became servants to him and his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, 21 to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths. As long as she lay desolate she kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years.

Brethren, when I first came to understand the Sabbath and the Holy Days way back in 1982, I asked myself a simple question, which has taken me all these years to understand. The question is this. If keeping the Sabbath and Holy Days is to be such a good blessing , then why have the Jews who have kept it all these past centuries been so persecuted?

Why are all those people who are basically good people along the gulf coast being evacuated because of the Hurricanes that are plaguing the USA at his time?

Why are we currently going with out lemons due to the drought that has plagued the west coast of the USA?

Why was there so much talk this spring of a world wide famine?

Why is there such turmoil in the economy and the mortgages and housing and banking and this is world wide?

Why is the USA fighting a war on Terrorism on the home front and the Iraq Iran Front and on a third front of Afghanistan and Pakistan?

Why are all these plagues happening at this time?

The answer will surprise some of you. Yes even those of you who think you are obeying Yahweh. How so?

First of all this web site and these news Letters are telling you that you and our nation have not kept the Sabbath Year of rest or the Jubilee year. Those who are keeping a land rest year are not keeping it in the correct year. This can be easily proven from history and the bible. 2 Kings 19:29 tells us by the voice of Yahweh when this Jubilee year was. History records this event to take place in 701, and 700 BC. 700 BC being the Jubilee year. Then it is just a simple matter of addition of 49 years from 701 BC to calculate when each and every recorded Sabbatical year occurred in history. History and the bible prove each other correct.

At this time of year we focus on the Fall Holy Days, as they are crucial to understanding their relationship to the Jubilee cycle and prophecy as explained in the DVD. If you have not watched This DVD please go to and to the charts at which you can view or download for free.

Can we keep the weekly Sabbath on any day of the week? No of course not! Can we keep the Sabbatical year in any year we want? Again the answer is of course not! Can we keep the Holy Days at any time we want or just at the nearest weekend? Once again the answer is of coursed not!

All of these Holy Times are appointed times. They are appointed by Yahweh and can not be changed by men. But in Daniel we are told that one would come along and try to change these times and this 4th commandment law.

Da 7:25 He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.

The time that Satan is changing is the Sabbatical time. This Sabbatical time is all contained in the fourth commandment Keep Holy the Sabbath. Exodus 20: 8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

This Sabbatical time is further explained in Lev 23: 1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts. 3 ‘Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
4 ‘These are the feasts of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times.

Notice that the weekly Sabbath is the also called Yahweh’s Feast Day and is counted among the Annual Holy Days. Then in Lev. 25 we are told that the land shall also rest every seventh year. 1 And the Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to the Lord. 3 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit; 4 but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the Lord. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

These are Yahweh’s appointed times. This is His law. And this is what Satan has changed as we are told in Daniel 7. We are also told that these appointed times are there to test us to see if we will obey the law or not.

Ex 16:4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not.

De 8:2 And you shall remember that the Lord your God led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you and test you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not.

De 8:16 who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end—

So how has Satan changed this law? First it is easily seen how the Sabbath has been changed from Saturday to Sunday or any other day but Saturday.

It is also understood that almost no one has kept the Sabbatical or Jubilee years for these past 6000 years.

2 Corinthians 11: 13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder! For Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.

These are the ones who teach us that the Sabbath and the Holy Days are done away with as well as the Sabbatical and Jubilee years

1 John 5: 19 We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one.

Re 12:9 So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Satan has deceived the whole world, and he has done it as an angel of light, looking and sounding like a minister of righteousness.

Lets see how the Holy Days have been changed.

In the movie The Month of the Abib which you can watch at you can hear with your own ears when Rabbi Reichman says that he and Judah know the Hebrew calendar is incorrect. Rabbi Reichman is part of the Temple Mount Movement and is also spokesman for the Sanhedrin if I have my facts straight.

They know the Hebrew calendar has mistakes in it, but they are not going to change or correct those mistakes until the Messiah comes and then He can fix them.

So let us list the mistakes of the Hebrew calendar which many of you are still following. Then you will know why Judah suffers as she does, and why the rest of Israel is being punished.

The first one is very obvious. It is called Rosh Hashanah and is taught by some to be the beginning of the year. But Yahweh told Moses that Aviv would be the beginning of the year. Ex 12:2 “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.

This is talking about the time of the Exodus not the 7th month in the fall.

The second teaching which Satan has deceived many is the one that begins the count to Pentecost. Does it begin on the day after the first day of Unleavened bread or on the day after the weekly Sabbath, a Sunday, as this web site teaches.

Le 23:11 He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.

Le 23:15 ‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed.

Le 23:16 Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord.

When you understand that the Fiftieth year Jubilee is immediately after the 49th year Sabbatical year then you will also know that the fiftieth day of Pentecost also comes right after the weekly Sabbath day the 49th day. Those who hold to a Sivan 6 Pentecost can not compare it to the Jubilee cycle and understand how both are reflections of each other.

The third teaching which Satan has used to change times, that is the appointed times and the law is to change when to start the count towards each Holy Day. This was done after the Babylonian captivity when Judah came out and began to use the names of each month as they did in Babylon. These months contained pagan gods such as the month of Tammuz.

But not only this, they also went from a sighted moon which the Babylonian Talmud and the Jerusalem Talmud tell us they kept, to keeping the beginning of the month from the conjunction which came into effect after the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE.

We have shown you where the Prophet Isaiah and the Apostle John both show us in unmistakable terms that the 7th month was to begin when the first crescent of the moon was seen. To review this you can read the articles Conjunction or Sighted Which? at and make sure you carefully look at the drawing of the constellation that is being explained. You can also review the article The Return of Yahshua at

To know when the month begins is important because from it you start your count to each Holy Day from the beginning of the month. Is it from a conjunction or sighted moon? You must prove this to your self. The difference will be one to three days difference.

The fourth teaching which Satan has given to man which never came from Yahweh are the postponement rules. The following is taken from the article The Glory of Yahweh and the Glory of Kings at

It has been said, that by two witnesses a thing shall stand or fall. Duet. 17:6, 19:15, Matt. 18:16, 26:60, 2Cor 13:1, 1 Tim 5:19, Heb 10:28.

It says in Proverbs 25:2 It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, But the glory of kings is to search out a matter. In 1 Corinthians 6:3 Paul says, “Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life? “

As kings who are to judge angels, should we not also be searching out the truth on all things? Deciding how to reckon a calendar should be something a king could do. If we cannot then we as kings should seek out the Creator to find out how it is to be determined. Should we not? “PROVE ALL THINGS, hold fast to that which is true”
I Thess. 5:21.

Amongst those who keep the Sabbath and Holy Days, who are in training to be Kings and Priest in the soon coming Kingdom of Yahweh, some keep the Conjuncture New Moon, some keep The Sighted New Moon, and some keep a Full Moon to start the month.

Some people do not know how to determine the beginning of the New Year and therefore would not know how to determine the Holy Days commanded for us to keep. Far to many rely on a man or organization to show them each and every year. They cannot or have not bothered to learn how to determine the Holy Days for themselves. These are they who assume they will be the Kings in the World to come. This is scary if everyone is left to themselves-to their own devices.

It is shameful that there are Sabbath keeping groups, that keep the Feast on as many as four different times in the same year. There are those who use the Barley to start the year, those who don’t and those who use the Hebrew calendar, those who use the sighted or the conjuncture New Moon, and those who use the Full Moon. All claim to be keeping the Truth.

“It is the glory of God to conceal a matter”. Why does He do this? The answer is in the rest of the Proverb “the glory of kings is to search out a matter”. I believe He is looking for those who want to be kings-those who will search out the truth. Yahshua Himself tells us how in Matt.7:7 “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened. 9 Or what man is there among you who, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will he give him a serpent? 11 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask Him!

You start by asking our Father to reveal this truth to you. Then you start to seek out the truth on the matter. You continue, over time, knocking on doors until you find the truth.

In Proverbs 2 we read ” My son, if you receive my words, And treasure my commands within you, 2 So that you incline your ear to wisdom, And apply your heart to understanding; 3 Yes, if you cry out for discernment, And lift up your voice for understanding, 4 If you seek her as silver, And search for her as for hidden treasures; 5 Then you will understand the fear of the Lord, And find the knowledge of God. 6 For the Lord gives wisdom; From His mouth come knowledge and understanding; 7 He stores up sound wisdom for the upright; He is a shield to those who walk uprightly; 8 He guards the paths of justice, And preserves the way of His saints. 9 Then you will understand righteousness and justice, Equity and every good path.
10 When wisdom enters your heart, And knowledge is pleasant to your soul, 11 Discretion will preserve you; Understanding will keep you”

You need to start this search for the truth about the Calendar of Yahweh, on your knees, asking Him to open your mind to the truth and to show it to you. You will not be convinced by this paper, nor should you be. But ask Him to reveal the truth to your mind, to give you understanding and knowledge and the wisdom to discern what is right and what is wrong.

Dehioth: The Rules of Postponements

Let us begin with some background on the Postponements and why some of the Jewish leaders felt it was necessary to postpone God’s Holy Days. The Holy Day arrangement for the year is determined by rules that are designed to prevent Yom Kippur (Atonement) from occurring either before or after the weekly Sabbath. They changed God’s Holy Days to suit their own needs, for the society existent in that time in history.

There are seven rules to the Postponements but we are only going to explain the first four. The other three have to do with the benedictions. If you would like further information on the benedictions, you can find it in your local library.


This rule explains that Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah), the first day of the (Jewish) New Year, may not occur on Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday. If Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) were on Sunday, Hosha’na Rabbah (the 7th Day of the Feast of Tabernacles) would be on Saturday, and this must be avoided because it would prevent the proper celebration of the Festival of Willows . If Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) were on Wednesday, Atonement (Yom Kippur) would be on a Friday and this would cause undue hardship because, there would be two days in a row with severe restrictions. If Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) were on a Friday, Atonement (Yom Kippur) would be on a Sunday and, again, we would have two days in a row with severe restrictions. Therefore, if the new moon (molad) is on either Sunday, Wednesday or Friday, the first day of Tishri (7th month) is postponed to the following day.


If the New Moon (molad) of Tishri (the 7th month) occurs at noon or later, New Moon (Rosh Hodesh) is declared to be the following day. Thus, if the molad (new moon) is Monday at noon or later, Tuesday is declared to be Rosh Hodesh (New Moon). The reason is that if the new moon is before noon, it is certain that the new crescent will be visible in some part of the world before sunset of the same day. If however, the new moon (molad) occurs after midday, the new crescent will not be visible before sunset of the same day. If the following day is Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday on which the first day of Tishri may not occur, it is further postponed to the next following day, so that the first of Tishri is the third day counting from, and including, the day of the molad (new moon).


If the molad of Tishri in an ordinary year is on Tuesday at 3:204/1080 A.M. or later, the first of Tishri is postponed to Thursday. It cannot be on Tuesday because then the next year’s New Moon (molad) of Tishri would be on Saturday afternoon and new moon (Rosh Hodesh) would have to be postponed to Sunday. This would make the year in question 356 days long, which is more than the statutory limit of 355 days.


This occurs if the New Moon (molad) of Tishri, in a year succeeding a leap year, is on a Monday after 9:00 A.M. (ie. the fifteenth hour from the beginning of the night before) and 589/1080 parts. If this year were to begin on Monday, Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) of the preceding year would have fallen on Tuesday noon, and would have been postponed to Wednesday. This would make the current year 382 days in length, which is lower than the statutory limit of 383 days.

The Holy Day arrangement for the year is determined by rules that aim to prevent Yom Kippur (Atonement) from occurring either before or after the Sabbath.

(From Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar by Arthur Spier, page 10 & 15, 1986 edition).

Not any of the above rules can be found in Scripture; either in word or principle!

Are You Going To Follow Man’s Rules or God’s Rules? The Choice Is Yours!

Notice that rule #2 is concerned with the Crescent Moon being visible around the world before it is seen in Israel. Why is the crescent of concern if they are observing a conjunction Moon?

De 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you.

De 12:32 Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; you shall not add to it nor take away from it.

Pr 30:6 Do not add to His words, Lest He rebuke you, and you be found a liar.

Admissions on the Calculated Rabbinical Calendar which can be read at and is taken from

The following excerpts, from various Jewish and CRC-observant “Church of God” sources, document the truth concerning the gradual development of the calculated calendar, the tenth century A.D. origin of the current CRC, the errors of the CRC, and the historical reckoning of the new moon and new year.

“The history of the Jewish calendar may be divided into three periods–the Scriptural, the Talmudic, and the post-Talmudic. The first [Scriptural] rested purely on the observation of the sun and the moon, the second [Talmudic] on observation and reckoning, and the third [post-Talmudic–still used today] entirely on reckoning.[1]” (The Jewish Encyclopedia article: “Calendar, History of” pp.498)

“The beginning of the months were determined by direct observation of the new moon. Then those beginning of months (Rosh Hodesh) were sanctified and announced by the Sanhedrin, the Supreme Court in Jerusalem, after witnesses testified that they had seen the new crescent and after their testimony had been thoroughly examined, confirmed by calculation and duly accepted.” (Arthur Spier, The Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, p.1, section: HISTORICAL REMARKS ON THE JEWISH CALENDAR)

“For over a thousand years, the Hebrew calendar has been fixed by calculation.[2] Today, the Hebrew calendar does not match that fixed by observing the Moon.[3] Even though the gap between the two calendars continues to increase, we do not have the authority to alter the calendar until a new Sanhedrin (religious high court) is reestablished.[4] While sanctification of the month according to observation is not practiced today it is important to carry out calculations and practice observing the New Moon in order to be ready for when the Sanhedrin is reestablished. Likewise, there is increasing involvement in the Temple, red heifer, etc. Of course, we are not intending to change the current calendar (without the permission of an authorized Sanhedrin) but just to increase involvement in and embellish the Torah.

In recent years, a number of individuals and groups have begun to observe the Moon each month to practice for the commandment of observing the Moon and for determining criteria for the limits of visibility.” (Above quote taken from the website of the Israeli New Moon Society [], which was founded by Rabbi Dr. Nachum Rabinovitch, head of Yeshivat Birkat Moshe, Maale Adumim. The society works with the Institude for Kiddush Hachodesh Studies and includes scientists and rabbis from Universities, Yeshivot and elsewhere. They are adherents of Rabbinical Orthodox Judaism and its calculated rabbinical calendar).

“The Jewish calendar as now observed is the product of a long historical development.” (The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p.631)

“There is…unimpeachable evidence from the works of writers with expert knowledge of the calendar that the present ordo intercalationis [sequence of intercalations–the 19 year cycle] and epochal molad were not intrinsic parts of the calendar of Hillel II, these being seen still side by side with other styles of the ordo intercalationis and the molad as late as the 11th century. Also the four dehiyyot [postponement rules] developed gradually. …By the tenth century the Jewish calendar was exactly the same as today.” (Cecil Roth, editor, Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 5, p.50, article: Calendar)

“The Talmudic Rabbis [ca. first half of the third century C.E. (i.e., prior to 250 C.E.) to the end of the fifth century C.E.] recognised the variation in length of the synodic month…and hence they determined the beginning of every month separately by observation of the new moon as well as by calculation.” (W.M. Feldman, Rabbinical Mathematics and Astronomy, Hermon Press, 1965, p.123)

“Further, Gans points out, that it is hardly likely that R. Gamaliel would speak of a mean [i.e. average] synodic month, as in his time the ‘fixed’ calendar was not yet in use.” (W.M. Feldman, Ibid, p.124)

“For as the beginning of a month was fixed on the accredited evidence of witnesses who reported having seen the new moon soon after sunset on a certain day, it was the duty of the Calendar Council not only to test their evidence by stringent cross-examination…but also to ascertain, by mathematical calculation, whether the moon could, in fact, be seen at that particular moment at the particular place from which the witnesses came.” (W. M. Feldman, Ibid., p.160)

“In mishnaic times [the Mishnah was completed ca. 200 C.E.], though the authorities were familiar with astronomical calculations, the new moon was fixed on the basis of observation, which meant that, as a rule, the bet din formally proclaimed the New Month only after it had heard evidence of witnesses who had actually seen the new moon.” (Encyclopedia Judaica, Volume 14, article: Rosh Ha-Shanah, p.311)

“The Mishnaic tractate Rosh Hashanah describes the way in which the calendar was determined in the days before there was a set, calculated calendar which we have today. Witnesses would appear before the Sanhedrin each month to testify that they had seen the ‘new moon.’ They were carefully cross-examined and, if the judges were satisfied, the Sanhedrin proclaimed the beginning of a new month.” (Behold, A Moon is Born! How the Jewish Calendar Works, Arnold A. Lasker and Daniel J. Lasker, Conservative Judaism, 41:4, Summer, 1989, p.8)

“But unless all indications are deceitful, they did not in the time of Jesus Christ possess as yet any fixed calendar, but on the basis of a purely empirical observation, on each occasion they began a new month with the appearing of the new moon…” [5] (Emil Schurer, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ, p.366)

“Now there are ten festivals in number, as the law sets them down….The third [festival] is that which comes after the conjunction, which [festival] happens on the day of the new moon in each month. …(140) Following the order which we have adopted, we proceed to speak of the third festival, that of the new moon. First of all, because it is the beginning of the month, and the beginning, whether of number or of time, is honourable. Secondly, because at this time there is nothing in the whole of heaven destitute of light. (141) Thirdly, because at that period the more powerful and important body gives a portion of necessary assistance to the less important and weaker body; for, at the time of the new moon, the sun begins to illuminate the moon with a light which is visible to the outward senses, and then she displays her own beauty to the beholders.” [6] [first century Jew, Philo Judaeus, The Special Laws, II, XI. (41), XXVI. (140) & (141), as translated by C.D. Yonge in The Works of Philo: New Updated Edition, Complete and Unabridged in One Volume, Hendickson Publishers, 1993, pp.572, 581]

“Jews calculated the month according to the phase of the moon, each month consisting of either twenty nine or thirty days, and beginning with the appearance of the new moon. But this opened a fresh field of uncertainty. It is quite true that every one might observe for himself the appearance of a new moon. But this would again partly depend on the state of the weather.

Besides, it left an authoritative declaration of the commencement of a month unsupplied. And yet not only was the first of every month to be observed as ‘New Moon’s Day,’ but the feasts took place on the 10th, 15th, or other day of the month, which could not be accurately determined without a certain knowledge of its beginning. To supply this want the Sanhedrin sat in the ‘Hall of Polished Stones’ to receive the testimony of credible witnesses that they had seen the new moon. To encourage as many as possible to come forward on so important a testimony, these witnesses were handsomely entertained at the public expense. If the new moon had appeared at the commencement of the 30th day — which would correspond to our evening of the 29th, as the Jews reckoned the day from evening to evening — the Sanhedrin declared the previous month to have been one of twenty-nine days, or ‘imperfect.’ Immediately thereon men were sent to a signal-station on the Mount of Olives, where beacon-fires were lit and torches waved, till a kindling flame on a hill in the distance indicated that the signal had been perceived. Thus the tidings, that this was the new moon, would be carried from hill to hill, far beyond the boundaries of Palestine, to those of the dispersion, ‘beyond the river.’ Again, if credible witnesses had not appeared to testify to the appearance of the new moon on the evening of the 29th, the next evening, or that of the 30th, according to our reckoning, was taken as the commencement of the new month, in which case the previous month was declared to have been one of thirty days, or ‘full.’ It was ruled [much later in history, and by the so-called “rabbis,” not God] that a year should neither have less than four nor more than eight such full months of thirty days” (Alfred Edersheim, The Temple: Its Ministry and Services, pp.156-157)

“It is generally accepted that the Jewish festivals were, in Biblical times, fixed by observation of both the sun and the moon. Gradually, certain astronomical rules were also brought into requisition, primarily as a test, corroborating or refuting the testimony of observation….It has been authoritatively proved that in spite of a more advanced knowledge of astronomy the practice of fixing the new moon and the festivals by observation was in force as late as the latter part of the fifth century [C.E.]….It was only after the close of the Babylonian Talmud, in the sixth or perhaps later, in the seventh century, that the observation of the moon was entirely given up, and a complete and final system of calendation introduced [in the tenth century].” (Henry Malter, Saadia Gaon: His Life and Works, Chapter IV, Saadia’s Controversy with Ben Meir, pp.70-88, Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1921)

“…Rejecting the fixed calendar as a heretic innovation, the Karaites held that by law of Scripture the beginning of the months must be determined by the appearance of the new crescent and no other means, and that this had been the practice of ancient Israel at all times. Rabbanite refutation of this extreme assertion found its most outspoken exponent in Saadia Gaon, who went to the opposite extreme in ‘demonstrating’ that the fixed calendar, computation of molad and tekufah, has the force of a Mosaic-Sinaitic law that had been followed at all ages of the past [like some in the CoGs proclaim], while observation of the new crescent was merely a passing episode in the history of the Jews, introduced at the time of the Sadducees to show that it confirmed the correctness of the prescribed calendaric regulation by calculation. Although this contention could easily be refuted by the Karaites as fanciful to the point of ridicule, Saadia’s prestige was so great that his theory was accepted even by leading scholars…..Maimonides [12th century A.D] is one of the few medieval Rabbanite authorities known to have taken issue with Saadia’s and his followers’ contention, and his refutation amounts to unmitigated reproach, indeed to expression of intellectual as well as religious indignation. [Maimonides commented:] ‘I am truly astonished over a personage who rejects clear evidence, asserting that the religion of Israel was based, not on observation of the new moon, but on calculation alone–and yet he [Saadia] affirms the authority of all these (just mentioned) Talmudic passages! I think indeed that he did not believe his own assertions, but he merely wished to repel his [Karaite] adversary by any notion that just occurred to him, be it true or false, when he had found himself unable to escape the force of (his adversary’s) argument.’” (The Code of Maimonides, book II, treatise 8, translated by Solomon Gandz, Yale Judaica Series, Volume XI, pp.lii-liii)

“…the Gregorian calendar is solar, the Jewish one is lunar. The latter evolved over a period of many centuries, going through a number of formulations, much experimentation, and a great deal of controversy….Despite the fact that the Jewish calendar finally became fixed in 358 C.E. [i.e., it may have been around this time that the formulation of the set calendar was initialized], there was no end to the criticisms and disputes leveled at its inaccuracies for centuries thereafter.” (Nathan Ausubel, The Book of Jewish Knowledge, An Encyclopedia of Judiasm and the Jewish People, pp.70-71, 1964.)

“In the time of the Sanhedrin there were no published calendars as there are today. The Sanhedrin declared the beginning of each month when the moon was actually sighted. On the thirtieth of each month they would accept testimony of anyone who had seen the new moon the night before. Anyone who had seen the new moon after sunset on the night after the twenty-ninth day of the month would go to the Sanhedrin the next day. If the Sanhedrin determined that the reports were reliable and that the moon had actually been seen, they would declare that day to be the first day of the new month. If, on the other hand, the moon was not seen the night before, that day would be the thirtieth of the old month. The next day would be the first day of the new month. No month was ever longer than thirty days because even if the moon was not sighted at all, the thirty-first day would automatically be declared the first day of the new month. On the other hand, no month was ever less than twenty-nine days because the first possible day to declare the new month was the day after the twenty-ninth.

The Sanhedrin used a similar method to determine whether the year should be a regular year or a leap year…Each year, in the month of Adar, they would determine how much longer the winter would last. Their determination was based upon weather and agricultural conditions, and upon calculations of the date of the spring equinox. If they came to the conclusion that the next month would be spring already, they would declare it a regular year and the next month would be Nisan. If, however, they decided that it would not be Spring for another month, they would declare the next month Adar Sheni, and it would be a leap year….it was impossible to know in advance whether a particular year would be a regular year or a leap year or whether a particular month would have twenty-nine or thirty days, since the final decision of both these things was made by the Sanhedrin year by year and month by month. The length of the month was never determined until the thirtieth day actually arrived and the length of the year was generally not determined until the month of Adar. So you can see that it was impossible to ever publish a calendar.” (Understanding the Jewish Calendar, Rabbi Nathan Bushwick, Moznaim Publishing Corp., New York/Jerusalem, 1989, p.51)

“In 432 B.C.E. the Athenian astronomer Meton had reformed the Athenian calendar on the basis of a cycle of nineteen years, consisting of 235 lunar months adding one month seven times in the cycle to take care of the excess (235 is 7 more than 19 times 12). This calendar was widely adopted, and was eventually [in post-Talmudic times] followed by the Jewish teachers…” [7] (The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p.632)

“The intervals of intercalation were at first irregular [i.e., they were not set in a fixed calculated pattern such as the current CRC’s 19 year cycle of intercalating the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, & 19th years of its cycle], intercalation being in part due to the prevailing state of the various agricultural products….R. Akiva (died 135 [A.D.]) once intercalated three successive years…” (Cecil Roth, editor, Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 5, p.50, article: Calendar)

“…intercalation [i.e., including a 13 month in a year] was carried out as the need arose, on the basis of an empirical observation made on each occasion without any advance calculation. The following two passages demonstrate that this was still the case in the time of the Mishnah: (1) mMeg. 1:4…(2) mEduy. 7:7…The two passages are so clear that they require no further commentary…there was absolutely no calculation [of intercalary months] in advance.” (Emil Schurer, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ, p.593)

“This method of observation [i.e., new crescent] and intercalation [i.e., adding a thirteenth month based on the season and status of the barley crop] was in use throughout the period of the second temple (516 B.C.E. – 70 C.E.), and about three centuries after its destruction, as long as there was an independent Sanhedrin. In the fourth century, however, when oppression and persecution threatened the continued existence of the Sanhedrin, the patriarch Hillel II took an extraordinary step to preserve the unity of Israel. In order to prevent the Jews scattered all over the surface of the earth from celebrating their New Moons, festivals and holidays at different times, he made public the system of calendar calculation which up to then had been a closely guarded secret. It had been used in the past only to check the observations and testimonies of witnesses, and to determine the beginnings of the spring season.” (Arthur Spier, The Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, p.2)

“The day begins and ends at sunset, or more precisely, after dusk when the first three stars of medium size appear.[8] This rule applies to the theoretical beginning and ending of Sabbaths, festivals, fast days and the hours for the daily prayers. However for calendar calculations, especially for the computation of the Moladoth (the times of the new moon) and the Tekufoth (beginnings of the seasons), the day begins and ends at 6 o-clock in the evening, Jerusalem time. — The beginning and duration of the months depend on the Moladoth and the time which elapses from one Molad to the next one (lunation). The average figure given by tradition for this interval is 29 days and 12 hrs and 793 parts” (Arthur Spier, The Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, p.13)

“Nowadays the day, hour and parts of each Molad are announced before the Proclamation of the New Moon in the Sabbath morning service preceding the week of the New Moon. This custom keeps alive the memory of the time when the Sanhedrin sanctified the months on the basis of observation [of the new crescent]. It calls our attention to the fact that today we determine our new moons and holidays according to the decision of Hillel’s Beth Din. [9]” (Arthur Spier, The Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, p.13)

“It is uncertain what the calendar of Hillel originally contained, and when it was generally adopted. In the Talmud there is no trace of it.” (The Jewish Encyclopedia, “Calendar, History of”, pp. 502-503, Funk and Wagnalls, 1903)

“The name Rosh Ha-Shanah as it is used in the Bible (Ezek. 40:1) simply means the beginning of the year, and does not designate the festival. The months of the year were counted from the spring month (Ex. 12:2), later called by the Babylonian name Nisan. The month known by the Babylonian name Tishri is, therefore, called the “seventh month” in the Pentateuch. When the festival on the first of this month is recorded, it is referred to as the festival of the seventh month and a day of “memorial proclaimed with the blast of horns,” or “a day of blowing the horn” (Lev. 23:23-25; Num. 29:1-6). In the Bible, the festival lasts one day only; the two-day festival arose out of the difficulty of determining when the new moon actually appeared.” (Encyclopedia Judaica, volume 14, article: Rosh Ha-Shanah, pp.305,306)

“Môlêd is a Hebrew word meaning renewal, rejuvenescence. It would be properly applied to the phase of the moon at the instant of time when her Conjunction with the Sun takes place. It is, however, commonly used not for the actual time of New Moon, but for the computed time, which governs the commencement of each year and of each Cycle…The length of a Lunation, as adopted by the founders of the present permanent calendar, is a constant quantity, whereas the Lunations of the true Moon are variable in their duration. The Moon of the Jewish Calendar is a mean or average Moon moving uniformly, in the same way as the artificial Moon of Hilarius [i.e., the “moon” (molad) of the CRC is likewise artificial], which is used in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars.” (S.B. Burnaby, “Elements of the Jewish and Muhammadan Calendars”, London: George Bell & Sons, 1901, p.40)

“The moment that the moon passes between the Earth and the sun is called the Molad – the birth of the moon. It is the theoretical beginning of the new month” [10] (Understanding the Jewish Calendar, Rabbi Nathan Bushwick, pp.39-40 –emphasis mine)

“Every month of God’s Calendar begins about the time of the new moon when the moon’s first faint crescent is visible at sunset in Jerusalem. According to the Roman calendar a new moon may occur at any time during the month. Most people today probably don’t even know when a new moon appears.” (Herman Hoeh, The Crucifixion Was Not On Friday, p.34)

“…the present Jewish calendar originated in Babylon during the period of the Gaons—the religious leaders who dominated academia as heads of various Babylonian academies (Ency. of Religion and Ethics, s.v. “Calendar”). One of the Gaons asserted that the existing calendar system was of great antiquity and the new moons and festivals had always been established by calculation. His view was that the observation of the moon had not been put to use until the third century BC, its purpose to demonstrate the accuracy of calculation, this, in order to refute dissenters. His view was that calculation and observation had always agreed. His arguments were soundly repudiated by both Karaites and Talmudists on the basis of Talmudic records (ibid).” (The Hebrew Calendar: Is It Reliable?, Bethel Church of GOD 1999; slightly reworded from: Church of God, The Eternal’s article of the same title from 1994)

“God’s months begin with the new moon….The observation of the new moon is to be made from Jerusalem, not from the North American continent. The seven to ten hours difference in time between Jerusalem and the part of the country (i.e. United States) you live in will make actual observation of the new moon from America misleading…The appearance of the new moon in the western sky just after sunset is used to determine the beginning of a new month.” (Kenneth Herrmann, The Good News magazine, March 1953, article: “God’s Sacred Calendar,” p.8, col.1&2)

“The first day of the new year always begins with the day nearest the Spring equinox [11] when the new moon is first visible to the naked eye AT JERUSALEM (not in the United States).” (Herbert W. Armstrong, “WHEN, and How OFTEN, Should We Observe THE LORD’S SUPPER?,” second to last paragraph–emphasis HWA’s)

“God established four units of time for mankind. These are: the day, the week, the month, and the year. The heavenly bodies were set in their place for the purpose of marking time (Gen. 1:14-18)….By the time the Babylonians had developed a sound thinking astronomy it was easy to tell from previous observations of the moon exactly when each new moon would appear.

However, it was still customary to continue watching the sky for the first appearance of the crescent (Asimov, pp. 65-66)…The Babylonians used the first appearance of the crescent to mark the beginning of the month. The Egyptians, however, used the time when the old crescent was invisible in the morning as the beginning of their month. The Jews followed the Babylonian method (Segal, p. 254). The Egyptian custom of using the old crescent is akin to our modern use of the conjunction as the marker…The lunar month was used uniformly throughout the ancient Near East and the Mediterranean area and began with the sighting of the first lunar crescent.” (The Hebrew Calendar: Is It Reliable?, Church of God, The Eternal 1994)

“In the churches of God it has been generally assumed–though not a Jewish belief–that the calendar itself is ‘holy,’ that it was directly inspired by God and handed down to Moses, that the Jewish authorities are charged with its maintainance…There is no evidence that it was especially ‘divinely revealed’ for Israel. It is a humanly devised secular calendar…It was not a divinely revealed calendar. That is, not ‘holy,’ not ‘the sacred calendar,’ not ‘God’s calendar, but humanly devised, however skillfully…There is no need to postulate ‘divine guidance’ for the construction of the calendar. And there is no evidence that God did so.” (James McBride, article: The Origins of Our Calendar)

“This law further decreed that at the sighting of the new crescent, the first day of the seventh month would be sanctified as a solemn assembly by the blowing of trumpets” (Dwight Blevins and Carl D. Franklin, The Feast of Trumpets 2000 A.D., p.25)

“new moon in Scripture, the visible crescent as seen from Jerusalem. Not the same as the astronomical new moon, which is not visible.” (Dwight Blevins and Carl D. Franklin, The Feast of Trumpets 2000 A.D., p.38, section: Glossary of Terms)

“First, the precise time the new moon appears must be determined. Anciently, this was done by sight.” (Stephen Flurry and Mark Nash, The Philadelphia Trumpet, April 1996, p.23, article: God’s Sacred Calendar)

“One thing is for certain, the fixation of the month in Temple times was determined on the basis of both calculation and observation, a fact you can be sure Jesus was aware of.” (The Hebrew Calendar: Is It Reliable?, Church of God, The Eternal 1994)

“It is not the Molad which is all important, but rather it is the appearance of the crescent of the moon that really counts…We don’t know when the Jews began using a calculated calendar instead of simply relying on visual observation. Some speculate that the calendar was in existence long before Christ. They base their idea on the fact that the months are called by Chaldean names. The Jews were in captivity in Babylon in the 6th century B.C. Was there a calendar already in existence at that time and did it contain the rules of postponement? …In Christ’s time the new moon ostensibly was established by observation. There are those today who claim that the only way of calculating the new moon is by exact mathematical calculation.

Visual observation is too erratic and could be one to two days off. What we know from first-century records is that the calendar was operated by observation and controlled by the Sanhedrin. If Christ and the Church followed this habit, then Christ accepted something that some are claiming is unacceptable.” (United Church of God Committee Members: Jim Franks, Burk McNair, Peter Nathan, Leon Walker, & Don Ward, Doctrinal Statement Adopted by the Council of Elders on the “Hebrew Calendar” 1997)


1. Citing the Jewish Encyclopedia as a source, the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia likewise states: “The Hebrew or Jewish calendar had three stages of development: the preexilic, or Biblical; the postexilic or Talmudic; and the post Talmudic. The first rested on observation merely, the second on observation coupled with calculation, and the third on calculation only.” (James Orr, editor, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Vol.1, article: Calendar, H. Porter, pp.541). BACK

2. This admission that the current Calculated Rabbinical Calendar (CRC) has only been in use for just over a thousand years is met with agreement from other Jewish sources (such as the previous quote from The Jewish Encyclopedia and footnote #1, and the quote following this of the Israeli New Moon Society–that from Encyclopedia Judaica, which states that the CRC was finalized in the tenth century).

Other religious sources also concur: “Such a continuous calendar, according to tradition that goes back to Hai Gaon (1038), was constructed by Patriarch Hillel II in A.D. 359 (or, according to another version, 500, though by this time the day of Patriarchs was past). But the tradition [that the CRC was fully constructed by Hillel II], which stands quite alone, is confronted with grave objections. Of these the following two are of special weight: (1) The supposed calendar is never referred to in the Talmud, which received its final redaction at the end of the fifth century. Nothing whatever is said there about the length of the month, or the nineteen-year cycle, or anything else of the kind. (2)…Moreover, from the earliest post-Talmudic age we have dates which cannot be reconciled with the regular calendar in use today. [article footnote: “One such date is the year 506, and another the year 776″]

“In point of fact, everything goes to indicate that the calendar, like all other productions of the kind, passed through a developing series of forms, and that it assumed its final shape in the schools of the official representatives of Judaism (called Geonim) in Babylonia. To the period of the Geonim, say the 7th and 8th cents., likewise belong two tractates relevant to the subject.

One of these is entitled “Pirke de Rabbi Eliezer”, and contains almost all the elements of the modern calendar (caps. 6-8), but it shows so many instances of self-contradiction that we must assume the presence of various interpolations…” [Encylopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 1908, Vol.3, article: CALENDAR (Jewish), p.118]

“After centuries of controversies between conservatives relying on observation (of moon and seasons) and innovators recommending calculation, and between religious authorities in Palestine and Babylonia, the system was settled in the 10th century A.D. (in favor of calculation and Babylon).” [Guy Ottewell, The Astronomical Companion, 1994 ed., p.30, under “Calendars (Jewish)”] BACK

3. “Owing to inequalities in the rate of both the solar and the lunar motion in longitude, the mean conjunction [i.e., molad] may precede or be preceded by the true conjunction.” (Cecil Roth, editor, Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 5, p.46, article: Calendar). The molad does not consistently match any phase of the moon. One month, the molad may occur on the conjunction, while another month, the molad may be on the day of the crescent, while yet another month, it may be a day or two either side of new crescent. See New Moon/molad Comparison Chart and Expected New Moons and Appointed Times for 2001 BACK

4. The Jews readily admit that the current calculated calendar in use is indeed in error and needs reform. Note the following from Encyclopedia Judaica: “the present [calendar] system was expected to be replaced again by a system based on true values more akin to the earlier Jewish calendar in which New Moon (days of the phasis) and intercalations were proclaimed on the basis of both observation and calculation.” (Cecil Roth, editor, Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 5, p.47, article: Calendar). “The rebirth of the state of Israel rekindles in us the hope that a new Sanhedrin, recognized by the whole people of Israel, will be established again in our time.

It will be the task of the Sanhedrin to make a decision as to when and how the sanctified calendar of Hillel II is to be modified in accordance with the requirements of astronomy and the Torah.” (Arthur Spier, The Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, p.227). While God’s Word does state that we are to walk within the bounds of the laws of the land (i.e., Romans 13:1-7; Titus 3:1; I Pet 2:11-20), this by no means suggests that we need wait for a new “Sanhedrin” to be formed to follow God’s commands for His appointed times. When the established laws of men are at odds with the Laws of God, we are by no means bound to such–God’s Law always reigns above (see Acts 5:29 where Peter and the others plainly rejected a ruling of the Sanhedrin in order to obey God instead). BACK

5. The Mishnah, spanning the time period of 200 B.C. – 200 A.D., contains evidence that the CRC was not in use in the first century, nor even at that time of the Mishnah’s collection into bookform (ca. 200 A.D.). It shows that, unlike the CRC with its postponements, Yom Teruah (Day of Trumpets) could be observed on a Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday; the Day of Atonement could be observed on Fridays and Sundays; the seventh day of the Feast of Tabernacles could be observed on a Sabbath; etc. See our article A Look Into Postponements BACK

6. Philo was a Jew who lived from about 20 B.C. to about 50 A.D., and was thus a contemporary of Jesus and His disciples. Philo here testifies of the reckoning of the new moon in their day stating that it occurs “after the conjunction….at this time there is nothing in the whole of heaven destitute of light…because at that period the more powerful and important body gives a portion of necessary assistance to the less important and weaker body; for, at the time of the new moon, the sun begins to illuminate the moon with a light which is visible to the outward senses.” (italicized emphasis mine). Plainly, Philo testifies that the new moon is the fresh visible crescent. BACK

7. “The Assuan Papyri yield ample proof of the fact that at the time after the Exile no such fixed cycle was in use among the Jews, and this would appear to be true also of the Talmudic period….Explicit mention of the nineteen-year cycle is first made in post-Talmudic writings. [article footnote: “It is related in the Talmud (Sanhedrin, 12a) that Akiba (first half of 2nd cent. A.D.) reckoned three successive years as intercalary–a fact which proves the non-existence of any intercalary cycle at that time.”].” [Encylopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 1908, Vol.3, article: CALENDAR (Jewish), p.117]

“As already indicated, the Jewish year is a composite arrangement. Its months are lunar, but from time to time an extra month is intercalated in order to effect an adjustment with the solar year. This was done even before the establishment of a continuous calendar. It was regarded as a matter of special importance that the month of Nisan should not begin before its tequfa (beginning of spring), and a second Adar was intercalated as required; but at that time nothing was as yet known of a regular and periodic intercalation, recurring according to definite rules. Such an arrangement was in all probability first introduced along with the continuous calendar itself, when the Metonic cycle was adopted.” [Encylopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 1908, Vol.3, article: CALENDAR (Jewish), p.122]

“The earliest known reference to the ‘tequfa of R. Adda’ under that designation is made by Isaac b. Baruch Albalia of Cordova (A.D. 1035-1094); cf. Abraham b. Hiya’s Sefer ha-’Ibbur, iii. 4), but the period it indicates is already referred to by al-Biruni (Arab. text, p. 183 = Eng. tr. p. 163)…this tequfa…agrees with a date (776) mentioned in the Baraitha of Samuel…Moreover, the intercalary system in common use among the Jews, of which we shall treat presently, could never have been framed except on the basis of R. Adda’s–not Samuel’s–tequfa. In all probability, therefore, its duration was calculated about the 8th cent. A.D., i.e. at the period in which the Jews in the East began to study astronomy, and became acquainted with the Almagest.” [Encylopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 1908, Vol.3, article: CALENDAR (Jewish), p.122–boldface emphasis mine] BACK

8. As Spier relates in the next sentence, the usage of the three stars of the second magnitude is a “theoretical beginning and ending”–not an actual one. This is of Jewish tradition. The former demarcation (i.e., sunset) is the precise end of a day according to Holy Scripture: “…from sunset to sunset…” (Lev 23:32, Schocken Bible Vol. 1, Five Books of Moses, translated by Everett Fox). The CRC however, is not calculated according to the Scriptural “sunset to sunset” reckoning, or even the traditional “three stars” method, but rather is calculated using 6pm as the beginning/ending of a day. Hence, the CRC not only utilizes an erroneous reckoning of the month (i.e., molad), but likewise, an erroneous reckoning of the day. BACK

9. Spier claims this goes back to Hillel, but historic documents show otherwise:
“Here, therefore, we find a corroboration of our theory that the constant calendar of modern Judaism is of relatively late date. The calculation of conjunctions, for instance, cannot have been finally established even as late as A.D. 776, for, according to the Baraitha of Samuel, the conjunction of Tishri in that year took place as 4 d. 0 h. 363 p.; while, according to the modern reckoning, it did not occur till 4 d. 3 h. 363 p. This fact is of great importance in the history of the Jewish calendar.” [Encylopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 1908, Vol.3, article: CALENDAR (Jewish), p.122, col.1, footnote 3] BACK

10. As stated in footnote 3 above, the molad does not consistently match the actual conjunction, or any phase of the moon. The actual conjunction of the sun, earth, and moon occurs in the midst of what is generally three days of the moon being concealed. Given that molad means “birth,” would this concealed moon constitute a birth (i.e., molad)? Is a baby “birthed” at 4 and 1/2 months from conception, in the midst of the nine month gestation period, or rather is it birthed at the conclusion of its concealment in the womb? It is born when we see it (i.e., just as the crescent moon), and not before. BACK

11. Sacred Scripture does not mention the equinox. According to its pages, the first new moon crescent to appear after the barley crop in Israel is found in the stage of growth known as abib is what demarks the first day of the new year. The notion put forth by Herbert Armstrong (as well as many others) that the first crescent sighting nearest the equinox is the head of the year is dispelled by the abib and new moon reports from Israel in 1999. In that year, a fresh crescent moon was sighted the evening of March 18 (a couple days prior to the equinox), however barley was not found to be abib until April 11, and thus the next new moon, sighted on April 17, was the new moon of the abib. Herein in a clear refutation of the myth of “The first day of the new year always begins with the day nearest the Spring equinox.” BACK

Author: Brian Hoeck
©2001 Truth On The Web Ministries: All the articles originated by Kenneth Hoeck and/or Brian Hoeck may be freely distributed or mirrored as long as presented in their entirety (including this statement), attributed to Truth on The Web, and proper author credit given.

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